Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a complex disease in the developed world and the leading cause of tooth loss among adults. Periodontal disease tends to occur when gingiva (gum tissue) is irritated or inflamed by the toxins found on plaque. The resulting bacterial infection, often called gingivitis, can eventually lead to gum tissue destruction and the underlying bone. If periodontal illness is not treated, it may also result in loss of teeth or tooth loss.
There are many common types of periodontal disease associated with systemic diseases, which include hostile, chronic and necrotizing periodontitis. Each of these forms of periodontal disease does have its own distinct features and symptoms, and all need early diagnosis by a dentist to prevent subsequent loss of bone and tissue.
Common Symptoms & Signs
Remember that periodontal disease can advance without clinical signs such as pain is extremely important. Therefore regular dental check-ups are extremely important. Some of the commonest clinical symptoms of periodontitis are listed below.
If you have any of these signs or symptoms you can seek advice from a general dentist or periodontist as soon as possible:
Unexplained bleeding– Bleeding is one of the most obvious signs of a periodontal infection when brushing, flossing, or eating food. The plaque toxins cause a bacterial infection that makes the tissues more prone to bleeding.
Pain, redness or swelling– When the gums are swollen, red or painful for no obvious cause, there may be a periodontal infection. It is essential that the advancement of the infection be stopped before affecting the gum tissue and jaw bone. Treating the infection before it is transported into the circulatory system to other areas of the body is also crucial.
Longer-looking teeth– Periodontal disease can result in recession of the gum. Bacteria-generated toxins will kill the supporting tissue and bones, making the teeth look bigger and the mouth appear more “toothy.”
Bad breath / halitosis – While breath odor can come from the back of the tongue, from the lungs and stomach, from the food we eat, or from the use of tobacco, bad breath may be triggered by aged food particles that sit in between teeth and under the gum. The deeper pockets of the gum can house more particles and bacteria, which causes a foul smell.
Loose teeth / change in bite pattern-The loosening or moving of the teeth in the affected area is a sign of rapidly advancing periodontitis. As the bone tissue is damaged, teeth that once were directly attached to the jawbone become weak, or can change in placement.
Pus – Pus dripping through between the teeth is a conclusive sign that there is progressing periodontal infection. The pus is a consequence of the body attempting to combat bacterial infection.
You must understand that periodontitis is a type of oral diseases that can cause serious harm to your overall health if it progresses. Thus, it is important to spot the symptoms and seek treatment at the earliest. If you exhibit any of these symptoms, get in touch with the best gum disease treatment dentist in Norman OK.